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My First Blog Post!

My only relationship to art right now is through beading projects. I have recently designed and beaded earrings, pop socket covers, and slippers. I haven’t engaged in many art activities in years. When I was little I really enjoyed drawing and painting, and I would like to begin doing this again as a stress reliever. Also, I would like to begin painting and drawing again because my house walls are very plain, and could use some decorating. I have looked through a few museums growing up, not many though, considering I was in the village most of my childhood. I do have experience with very old Koyukon Athabascan arts though. My grandmother and aunty’s households contain very old artifacts from our ancestors. My late great aunties art pieces were recently donated to the University of Alaska Fairbanks Alaska Native section for display. I enjoy looking at traditional art made by relatives, some of the work they’ve done is amazing. I have included a picture of traditional handmade boots. The boots have a beaded strap that goes all the way around the top, with a knitted cuff above it. The fur on the boots is beaver and calf skin. The link gives some more insight about the art of these traditional boots (Kaakina) and other Athabascan artwork.

Here is a link to help you get a better understanding of the background and culture behind these Kaakina: https://athabascancuture.weebly.com/about.html

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Non Western Blog – Alaska Native Art

Introduction

For my last blog entry, I decided to talk about Alaska Native art. I am going to display different types of Alaska Native art from around the state of Alaska. I was very excited to create this blog because I love spreading Alaskan cultural knowledge and learning about it as well. Alaska Native art stems from their traditions, history, skills, culture, adaption, and everyday life for over thousands of years. Alaska Native art pieces holds tremendous value in the cultures. Alaska Native art is also very respected when gift giving. There are many different kinds of Alaska Native art all over the state, and within each culture, such as caribou tufting, bead work, birch bark baskets, totem poles, traditional clothing/sewing, wood carving, masks, snowshoes, wooden dog sleds, fur hats, ivory carvings/jewelry, parkas, etc. A lot of the Alaska Native traditional projects made are used in their everyday lifestyle, and have been practiced for thousands of years. The time frame that these art pieces were created in was in this last decade, but the traditions and culture they’re based on is up to twenty thousand years old.

Alaska Native Art Pieces

Lucy in the Sky with Blueberries (2016). by Kathleen Carlo-Kendall.

Lucy in the sky with blueberries

Lucy in the Sky with Blueberries (2016) was made by Kathleen Carlo-Kenall, a Koyukon Athabascan mask maker. Kathleen Carlo was born in Tanana, Alaska, but moved to Fairbanks at the age of 5, where she was raised. She studied at the University of Alaska Fairbanks where she joined the Alaska Native Art Center in the 1970’s. Most of her art pieces represents spirits or events. She creates carved masks out of wood, adding several additions to it. Kathleen has earned many awards for her work, included being selected for Percent for Art Commissions, and receiving recognition by the United States Artists (USA), as one of America’s most accomplished and innovative artists.

Lucy in the Sky with Blueberries by Kathleen Carlo-Kendall is wooden mask, in memory of her late sister, Lucy Carlo, who passed away due to breast cancer. Kathleen, and her sister Lucy used to pick blueberries together, part of the subsistence lifestyle. The mask also includes ribbons, from Lucy’s stickdance that was held in Nulato, Alaska. A stickdance is a Koyukon Athabascan spiritual tradition held in memory of past family members. Also, the silver tear drops on the mask are in the shape of a breast.

I really enjoy this art piece. It shows so much cultural tradition, spirituality, and love in it. I think it is extremely creative, with the precise carving, and color coordination. I wouldn’t own this mask personally though, I feel that it is not meant for people to own, out of respect for the culture, spirituality, and family history. It is meant to be displayed, which it is, at the Fairbanks Cancer Center.

Beaded Necklace (Title/Year unknown) by Cheryl Lacy

This beaded necklace was made by Alaska Native artist Cheryl Lacy (year unknown). Cheryl Lacy is Sugpiaq, and lives in Anchorage, Alaska. Her medium is beading and graphic arts. Cheryl’s bead work is created on felt, moose skin, or just with the beads itself. Her graphic art is created with pen, pencil, watercolor, and charcoal. Through her artwork, she tells stories that help her learn more about herself, or to help others learn about the Alaska Native cultures. She is very well known for her bead work, she has been mentioned in magazines, a beading catalog, and many Alaskan Art galleries. She also has a website where she displays and sells her creations at http://www.dancinggravendesigns.com.

I love Alaska Native bead work! It has always been intriguing to me. Beading is extremely hard to complete, too. I learned to bead from a young age, and I still am no where near this artist’s talent. Beading is very time consuming, while working to make all the beads align and fit perfectly within the design. Not only is the placement of the beads important, but choosing the color pattern, design pattern, and size takes a lot of planning as well. The material needed to complete a project like this necklace is expensive, too. I don’t think people realize how much talent and hard work goes into these creations. This necklace is gorgeous! I love the color coordination. I would definitely own a copy of it.

Jars of Kippered Salmon (Year Unknown) by Danielle Larson.

FullSizeRender.jpg

This is a painting of Jars of kippered salmon (year unknown) by Danielle Larson. Danielle Larson is Koyukon Athabascan, Unangax Aleut, and Inupiaq. She earned a Bachelors of Fine Arts degree in 2010, and is a graphic design illustrator and painter. Her paintings are rooted from her Alaska Native background, and family. Danielle also practices seal gut skin sewing, and has taught at an Aleut cultural camp. Her artwork is exhibited in Sevigney Gallery and at the Alaska Federation of Natives conferences. Danielle’s paintings have also been recognized in the Emerging Designer Showcase in the Anchorage Museum.

This painting of jarred kippered salmon is so detailed and lifelike. Danielle created this image in memory of her late father, who used to make kippered jarred fish. When I first scrolled past it, with the image being a lot smaller on my laptop screen, I thought it was an actual photograph taken of jarred fish. The detail and texture on the lid of the jars is crazy, too.

I would most definitely own this painting of the kippered jarred fish by Danielle Larson. I love salmon, especially jarred fish. My late grandpa used to make kippered fish growing up, and it was amazing. I like that this image shows the subsistence lifestyle that Alaska Natives exercise, and how pretty it really is. A full smoke house of fish in the summer time is a beautiful sight, and there are so many different ways to store it, such as jarring, which this image shows.

Sources

Alaska Native Art. (2019). Retrieved from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alaska_Native_art

Doyon Limited Shareholders. (2016). Shareholder Spotlight: Kathleen Carlo-Kendall Recognized as one of America’s Most Accomplished and Innovated Artists. Retrieved from: https://www.doyon.com/shareholder-spotlight-kathleen-carlo-kendall-recognized-as-one-of-americas-most-accomplished-and-innovative-artists/

Aleutiiq Museum. Cheryl Lacy. Retrieved from: https://alutiiqmuseum.org/shop/artist-bios/1580-cheryl-lacy

University of Anchorage Alaska. Department of Art. Alumni at Work. Retrieved from: https://www.uaa.alaska.edu/academics/college-of-arts-and-sciences/departments/art/art-alumni/index.cshtml

Mid Modern – The Influence of Celebrities in Pop Art

Introduction

I have chosen to base this blog off of the pop art movement in the Mid Modern era, and how celebrities had an influence in it. Pop art is intriguing to me, with all of the colors, collages, boldness, and cartoon like figures. Pop art’s creations involve popular culture, such as comic books, advertisements, and mundane cultural objects. I love the boldness of the pop art images. It is normal for a celebrity to be featured in pop art picture as well, therefore I felt like it would be interesting to create this post focussed on that. The pop art movement was during the mid modern era, in the 1950’s.

Marylin Monroe (1967) by Andy Warhol

Marilyn and Andy - Marilyn Diptych, 1962, by Andy Warhol

Andy Warhol (1928 – 1987) was an American artist, producer, and film maker. He played a major role in the pop art movement, and many of his paintings showed celebrity culture in the 1960’s. Warhol also worked with a variety of arts, such as sculptures, film, and photography.

Warhol created this painting, Marylin Monroe in 1967, five years after Marylin Monroe passed away. He created it in New York, and it was one of the first images that he printed and distributed through Factory Additions. The image has 10 screens of the same picture of Maryilin Monroe, each painted with different vibrant colors. I really like the color coordination, and the pattern, its simple, but so creative. This image was 100% influenced by celebrities in the mid modern era, especially because Marylin Monroe was so famous, and tragically passed away at a young age, therefore she was and still is a huge icon. I would be open to owning this piece of art.

Eight Elivises (1963) by Andy Warhol

Eight Elvises (1963) - Andy Warhol

Eight Elvises (1963) by Andy Warhol is on a silkscreen, and is a 12 foot painting. The painting is of the famous Elvis Presley. I thought it was interesting that it is on a silkscreen, and is so huge because that was not the normal art piece in this time. This painting was sold in 2008 for 100 million dollars! That is insane. Warhol is one of five artists to sell a painting for $100 million.

The image is definitely intriguing, especially because it includes Elvis Presley, who had a huge impact on pop culture. This image is a definition of pop art, and it was created in the mid modern era. The entire image is celebrity influenced, and the fact that it is Elvis Presley, is probably why it became worth $100 million overtime. I can understand the hype around this image because it is of the famous Elvis Presley. It is unique, with the eight different images overlapping, and with the black, white, and grey tones. It is also interesting that he is holding a gun, considering he is a musician. I like this piece, but I would not own it for my household, it wouldn’t match my decor.

Michael Jackson (1984) by Andy Warhol

See the source image

Michael Jackson (1984) is another image by Andy Warhol. It is a few years past the mid modern era, and just at the beginning of the post modern era. This portrait was auctioned off in 2009 for $1 million dollars in Hamilton gallery. This was a synthetic polymer painting. This is an image of Michael Jackson from his “thriller,” album. This image is based on a celebrity, it was made in the transition from the mid modern era to the post modern era, and it is created by a pop art artist.

I honestly like this image. It is vibrant, and I love the outlining done around his features. I would own this painting. I like the tone, and texture of it. It is very lifelike as well, which is crazy considering the cartoon like features.

Mao Painting (1972) by Andy Warhol

https://artisticjunkie.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/Andy-Warhol-Mao-Painting.jpg

Mao Painting (1972) is another art piece by Andy Warhol. This image was created based off of President Richard Nixon’s first visit to China, where he met the totalitarian leader Mao Zedong. Andy Warhol created several portraites of Mao Zedong. This image was a painting created on a silkscreen, and on a canvas. The portrait is to represent the power he held over China. The image is displayed in Tate Gallery.

This image caught my eye because I was curious to who it was of. I figured it had to be someone who was famous or of power. I was surprised that Andy Warhol chose to paint an image of someone powerful who the president at the time had met in another country. I think that is awesome. Mao is famous, but in another country, therefore it is unlikely that we would’ve known of him, or learned about him. It is interesting how there literally is a story behind every art piece. I like the heavy detail in Mao’s facial expression, and how the colors chosen amplifies it. It is weird how the yellow and pink colors in the image hold an important role in how the image is viewed. I wouldn’t own a copy of this image, I just chose it because I was curious in the story behind it. The image was created in the mid modern era, is part of the pop art era, and includes a celebrity from another country.

Retroactive I (1963) by Robert Rauschenberg

"Retroactive I" - 1963

Retroactive I (1963) by Robert Rauschenberg is an oil painting on a silkscreen canvas. The oil painting is currently in Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, in Hartford, USA. Ernest “Robert” Rauschenberg (1925 – 2008) is an American artist, who had a large impact in the pop art era. Rauschenberg was a painter and a graphic artist. Retroactive I is one of Rauschenberg’s most famous paintings. The painting features an American astronaut and late President John F. Kennedy. The year this painting was created, was the same year that John F. Kennedy was assassinated, which is crazy. The art piece is working to show how powerful the United States is.

This image, Retroactive I by Rauschenberg was intriguing to me because of the all the different things going on in it. I like the collage look, and I like the texture of the painting, it gives a unique look to it. I also respect that John F. Kennedy is in it, that is what originally caught my eye. This image is using a late leader and celebrity of our country as the main section of it. This oil painting was created in the mid modern era, is a pop art piece, and was influenced by a celebrity. I appreciate the artwork, but I would not own this piece.

Signs (1970) by Robert Rauschenberg

Signs (1970)

Signs (1970) is another image created by Robert Rauschenberg. This oil painting was created on a silkscreen canvas as well. It is located in the Minneapolis Institute of Art in Minnesota. It is very similar to his 1963 painting Retroactive I, and holds some of the same celebrities in it, but is different in a lot of ways. The painting is based on some major events of the 60’s decade. In the left corner shows Buzz Aldrin, an American astronaut who landed on the moon. The other people featured in it are John F. Kennedy and Robert Kennedy, who were both assassinated, and Martin Luther King Jr. Janis Joplin is at the top right corner of the image as well. All of the celebrities in this image had passed away when it was created. There is a peace vigil, and soldiers from the Vietnam War surrounding the different sections, too. The image is based on important celebrities and moments in the United States, it is a pop art style, and was created in the Mid modern era.

This image is very similar to Rauschenberg’s earlier art piece, Retroactive I, but I it is still a heavy image, with a message focused on United States deceased celebrities, accomplishments, power, and hardships. I like that the image is based on an entire decade, with important people of the United States, and important moments, such as the Vietnam War and astronauts landing on the moon. I do enjoy the collage idea, but even with the collage style, it is still very clear what each piece is. Each section of the image stands out, and has its own texture/tone. I wouldn’t own this art piece, but I did like learning about the story behind it.

Sources:

https://www.masterworksfineart.com/artists/andy-warhol/marilyn-monroe

Jennifer Rosenberg. (2019). Biography of Andy Warhol, Icon of Pop Art. Retrieved from: https://www.thoughtco.com/andy-warhol-profile-1779483

Abid Raham. (2014). Andy Warhol’s Painting of Elvis Presley Fetches $82 Million at Auction. Retrieved from: https://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/andy-warhols-painting-elvis-presley-748729

Aaron Art Prints. Retroactive I. Retrieved from: https://www.aaronartprints.org/rauschenberg-retroactivei.php

The Art Story. Robert Rauschenberg Artworks. Retrieved from: https://www.theartstory.org/artist/rauschenberg-robert/artworks/

Debbie Tuma. (2009). Andy Warhol 1984 portrait of Michael Jackson up for auction. Retrieved from: https://www.nydailynews.com/entertainment/andy-warhol-1984-portrait-michael-jackson-auction-article-1.425746

Artistic Junkie. 16 Most Famous Andy Warhol Paintings. Retrieved from: https://www.artisticjunkie.com/andy-warhol-paintings/

Early Modern Era Pieces

Introduction – The Influence of WWI

I chose to base my Early Modern Era blog off of images influenced by WWI. I wanted to get a refresher and a possible better understanding of WWI through the art that came out of it. These images were created for history, documentation and knowledge of World War I. It was interesting to learn about how the United States commissioned artists to go to war to document scenes for history and support. I think that when most people think of art, they picture brightness, beauty, and joy, but these sketches bring a wave of emotion, reality, and possible sadness.

Description – Image #1

American Ration Train Headquarters (1918) by George Mathew Harding.

This sketch, American Ration Train Headquarters, was by George Mathew Harding in 1918 in France. It is a charcoal, crayon, and pastel sketch. George Mathew Harding (1882 – 1959) was one of the World War I and World War II combat artists, devoting a lot of his career to creating pictures based on WWI scenes. Besides being a painter, he was also a muralist, and an author-illustrator. He was from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The image shows a barn, with an opening in the center. To the right is one soldier standing next to a wagon, and to the left is a soldier with two horses, there is also a solder entering the barn behind them. In the center of the breezeway is another soldier riding a horse, and to the left of them is another soldier being mounted. It is obvious that the picture is done with charcoal, but if you look closely you can tell that there is some crayon and pastel detail added to it.

Opinion

I understand the lack of color because this capture is not based on happiness, it was drawn to show a time of survival, fear, and bravery. This image is not being displayed at the moment, but I feel it would be a good fit for in a museum or in a military building. I have a ton of respect for these images, but I would not own any of them, I don’t think these images should be displayed for decoration in anyone’s home, unless it was a family member of yours, just out for respect for the soldiers, their families, and the war.

Description – Image #2

See the source image

His bunkie (1918) by William James Aylward.

This image, His bunkie, is by William James Aylward in 1918. William James Aylward (1875 – 1956) joined the American Expeditionary Force in France in 1918, where he was one of the World War I artists. He focused on logistics, such as the french ports. He was a painter and an illustrator. The creation was done with charcoal and crayon. This picture is of a soldier, looking down on his bunk mates grave. On top of his past bunkies grave shows his war helmet, a metal canister of some sort. The cross is wooden, and there is some brush growing around the bunkies resting spot. The soldier has all of his war gear on, as he might be getting ready to leave the area, leaving behind his friend. The background is empty with little detail and texture, and portraying somewhat of a sky in the distance.

Opinion

This image grabbed my attention because of the message it is sending. It is extremely sad to think about having a bunk mate for possibly years, and knowing that you might lose each other daily at war. I couldn’t image the powerful bond you would create with people while in this environment. I think this image doesn’t only show grief, but it shows love, loyalty, and peace, while saying his last goodbye to his bunkie. I think this image should be displayed in a museum, it is a heavy image, with a lot of meaning.

Description – Image #3

Dressing Station in Ruined Farm (1918) by Wallace Morgan.

The image, Dressing Station in Ruined Farm, was created by Wallace Morgan (1873 – 1948), in 1918, in France. It was made with charcoal and watercolor, on white paper. Wallace Morgan was a sketch artist and illustrator from Albany, New York. He owned a studio where he would illustrate popular magazines. He was selected as one of the World War I artists in 1918, and moved to France for a year, following into Chateau-Thierry and Belleau Wood. The image is based on a scene in Northern France, in Ploisy. There are two ambulances in front of the broken down barn, and several injured people, leaning on one another to walk. It is shown that many soldiers are receiving treatment, and some are sitting under the large tree on the right possibly waiting for help or were already seen. The image has incredible detail, showing chaos and bravery.

Opinion

It is clear that there is a lot going on in this image, but it is also calm in a way, people are sitting together under a large tree, there are people helping each other, no one is noticeably panicking. Yes, this drawing is very tragic, and sad, but it shows people working together, which is heartwarming in a way. I like the watercolor included the piece, it gives it some brightness in a time of distress. I wouldn’t own this image, but I do think it should be displayed for knowledge and awareness purposes.

Sources:

Smithsonian. George Mathew Harding (1882 – 1959). Retrieved from: https://www.si.edu/spotlight/official-artwork-wwi/harding

Smithsonian. William James Aylward (1875 – 1956). Retrieved from: https://www.si.edu/spotlight/official-artwork-wwi/aylward

Smithsonian. Dressing Station in Ruined Farm. Retrieved from: https://www.si.edu/object/dressing-station-ruined-farm:nmah_448052

Smithsonian. Wallace Morgan (1873 – 1948). Retrieved from: https://www.si.edu/spotlight/official-artwork-wwi/morgan

Kutner, Max. (2014). The Riveting Art From the Front Lines of World War I Has Gone Largely Unseen for Decades. Retrieved from: https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smithsonian-institution/remembering-americas-official-artists-war-180952321/

Classical Blog Post

Introduction

During the Classical Era there were tons of musical, theatrical, and art being produced that became famous. Portraits were being created that expressed a new sense of calmness. The tone’s being used were soft and warm in my chosen images.

Lady Elizabeth Delme and her Children (1777-1779) by Sir Joshua Reynolds.

Description

The painting, Lady Elizabeth Delme and her Children by Sir Joshua Reynolds was created in 1777-1779, on a canvas with oil painting in Britain. He created this British oil painting after exploring Rome, Florence, Bologna, and Venice. Reynolds studied and taught classical values, Greek and Roman sculptures, and Renaissance paintings.

This painting speaks quietness. The warm and soothing colors involved give a sense of peace and love, while she holds her children. There is so much detail, even in the far trees in the background. It also shows a great appreciation for nature, that looks very lifelike. This image falls into the Classical Era in 1777. The creation also amplifies elegance and has a clear sense of texture, which is different from the Renaissance and Baroque Era’s. I honestly love this painting, its beautiful. Elizabeth and her children sit underneath a huge tree, with an quiet background, showing revolution in wealth through their clothing, hair, and status.

Portrait of French artist Francois Boucher (1741) by painter Gustav Lundberg

Description

The Portrait of French artist Francois Boucher was created in 1741 by Swedish painter Gustav Lundberg during the Classical era in Sweden. It is a Rococo style oil painting on a canvas. Gustav became famous throughout his time for his well known Rococo creations. He spent a lot of his later career painting portraits of people in Sweden, such as Crown Prince and King Gustav III for the Royal Court. He was named the court portrait painter. Artist Francis Boucher, who the painting is of, had greatly contributed to the French Rococo movement with his classical themes, becoming one of the most famous artist of this time period. Revolution is seen in Francois Boucher himself, showing that artistry could bring one wealth and fame overtime.

I like the portrait. I wouldn’t own a copy of it, but I appreciate it and enjoyed analyzing it. It is crazy how detailed it is, but in a soft way. It doesn’t have rough and sharp details, or many noticeable lines, it is blended extremely nice. I also think this image looks more lifelike than others from this era, it is quite obvious why Lundberg painted portraits, he was amazing at it.

Surrender of General Burgoyne (1821) by John Trumbell

Description

The oil canvas painting, Surrender of General Burgoyne by John Trumbell in 1821 was based on the event of British General John Burgoyne surrendering in Saratoga, New York, on October 17th, 1777. Burgoyne battled with American General Horatio Gates at the time. The painting is showing General Burgoyne prepared to surrender his sword to General Gates. The American’s then halted the British from dividing New England from the other colonies, causing a revolution with the American’s and French. Trumbell based a majority of his paintings off of real life events in the 1790’s. This painting was completed in 1821, and was exhibited in New York City in from January to March afterwards.

I found the painting very interesting because it is based on a battle, but shows calmness and respect. The demeanor of the picture is very classy. The tone of the image is also very bright in a classical theme, it isn’t dark and cold, like a stereotypical war painting would be. No one is in a panic, everyone’s facial expressions are very unbothered. The painting is an example of the calm after the storm.

Sources:

Gustaf Lundberg. (2019). Wikipedia. Retrieved from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gustaf_Lundberg

Jochim, Mark. (2018). The Surrender of General Burgoyne at Saratoga. Retrieved from: https://stampaday.wordpress.com/2018/10/17/the-surrender-of-general-burgoyne-at-saratoga/

Elizabeth Delme and Her Children. Retrieved from: https://www.aoc.gov/art/historic-rotunda-paintings/surrender-general-burgoyne

Surrender of General Burgoyne. Retrieved from: https://www.aoc.gov/art/historic-rotunda-paintings/surrender-general-burgoyne

Jones, Jonathan. (2001). Madame de Pompadour, Francois Boucher (1759). Retrieved from: https://www.theguardian.com/culture/2001/sep/08/art

Baroque Art Blog

See the source image
The Descent from the Cross by Peter Paul Rubens (1612 – 16-14)
Retrieved from Wikipedia

Description/History

Peter Paul Rubens created a baroque oil painting on oak called The Descent from the Cross for the Cathedral of our Lady, in Antwerp (1612 – 1614). Peter Paul Rubens had an important impact of the Catholic-Counter Reformation art after the Council of Trent. Rubens studied many art genres in Italy, such as Carravaggism, Renainssance sculptures, Mannerist statues, and various paintings, which influenced him to create The Descent from the Cross painting. The piece is linked to John 19:38, and is within the guidelines of the Catholic Council of Trent. The image is based upon a group of emotional people arranged around the deceased Jesus Christ. In the image the pale, lifeless body of Jesus Christ is being taken down from the cross, and is assisted by St. John the Evangelist (red cloak), Joseph of Arimathea (left ladder, brown cloak), and Nicodemus (right ladder, black cloak). Included in the image as well is the three Mary’s, his mother Virgin Mary (blue cloak), Mary of Clopas (purple cloak), and Mary Magdalene (green cloak). The men at the tops of the ladders lowering Christ from the cross are two workers. To the right you can see a bowl with a thorn crown inside of it, with the nails of crucifixion, near a pool of blood. It is an intense Biblical scene with a visual image of faithfulness.

The Council of Trent

The painting The Descent from the Cross by Peter Paul Rubens is connected to The Council of Trent because it is based on religion. The churches in Antwerp were not allowed to display any religious paintings until 1585, when Duke Alessandro Farnese requested a Catholic rule over the city, granting the churches permission to decorate once again. The Descent from the Cross by Rubens was a part of the notion that began spreading and recruiting the religion through art. The painting remains in its original spot today, in the Cathedral of our Lady, in Antwerp. The Catholic Counter Reformation art began after the Council of Trent, in which Peter Paul Rubens contributed to with baroque paintings.

Opinion/Thoughts

For me, The Descent from the Cross portrait by Peter Paul Rubens (1612 – 14) does basically represent religion and faithfulness by including Jesus Christ and his mother the Virgin Mary. I am not really educated in religion that much, therefore that is why I feel this image portrays God and the church greatly. I can see and understand why this image was created and used by the church. The picture is extremely detailed, there is a lot going on, with a ton of curvedness in figures. It isn’t very colorful or bright, and I feel grief and sadness when I look at it. It is clear that everyone in the portrait is faithful to Jesus Christ, as they’re all surrounding him, and lowering him off of the cross. They are all involved. I didn’t notice the thorn crown in the bowl or the nails of crucifixion in the bottom right until I read about it because I was so drawn to the group of figures. The background is very dark, but it almost looks as if its a sunset and clouds. Each figure looks very real. Jesus Christ who is placed in the center of the image is illuminated, making it clear that he is the main focus of the painting. The image has a lot of meaning to it, especially depending on your religion. I see why this oil painting was used by the Cathedral as a symbol showing how the people are supposed to follow and be faithful to Jesus Christ. I honestly wouldn’t own a copy of this piece, it is incredible work, but I am not that religious, therefore I don’t really relate to it.

Comparison

See the source image
The Ghent Altarpiece, The Virgin Mary by Jan Van Eyck (1432) Retrieved from Wikipedia

For the comparison to a Renaissance art piece I chose, The Ghent Altarpiece, The Virgin Mary created by Jan Van Eyck (1432). This is a section of a religious oil painting on wood from the Northern Renaissance. I chose to compare/relate this painting to The Descent from the Cross by Rubens because they’re both religious, and they both include The Virgin Mary. Since both of the paintings are religious, they tie into each other. Each painting is from an era when religion was being spread. I honestly think The Ghent Altarpiece, The Virgin Mary by Eyck is gorgeous. The detail, texture, and tone of it is amazing. The entire painting as a whole, The Ghent Altarpiece, is insane because there is just so much to it. I think that the two paintings are similar, even though they were created so many years apart. They somewhat have same style and techniques. They’re both oil paintings, on wood, too.

Sources

Descent from the Cross (1612-14) by Rubens. Interpretation of Catholic Counter-Reformation Painting. Retrieved from:
http://visual-arts-cork.com/famous-paintings/descent-from-the-cross-rubens.htm#analysis

Catholic Counter-Reformation Art. Retrieved from:
http://visual-arts-cork.com/history-of-art/catholic.htm

Hickson, Sally. Van Eyck, The Ghent Altarpiece. Khan Academy. Retrieved from: https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/renaissance-reformation/northern-renaissance1/burgundy-netherlands/a/vaneyck-ghentaltar

Renaissance Blog Post

The Arnolfini Portrait by Jan Van Eyck (1434)

See the source image

Description
This is a portrait made by Jan Van Eyck in 1434, an oil painting on an oat panel. It is from the Northern Renaissance era. The portrait features Giovanni di Nicoloa, an Italian merchant, and his wife. They are in their Flemish home, and it is unclear if she is pregnant or not. It is said that the couple had just spoke their vows, and the painting is also known as, “Arnolfini Marriage” or “The Arnolfini Wedding.” It could have been painted as a legal document witnessing their marriage (Jones, 2000). It is the oldest famous oil painting, and was purchased by the National Gallery in London in 1842 (Takac, 2019).

Opinion/Reaction
This portrait amazes me because it was created so long ago, but has so much detail and precision. I honestly didn’t know that this long ago there were even resources to create this type of art. This honestly wouldn’t be an art piece that I’d initially be interested in, it just doesn’t catch my eye, but when I actually analyzed it, and noticed all of the different details, I was blown away. I didn’t notice the dog in front of the couple until the article, “The Arnolfini Portrait – Jan van Eyck’s Greatest Riddle,” by Balasz Takac (2019) pointed it out. I feel that the background doesn’t really take away or emphasize the main part of the picture, it all is just kind of included and apart of the picture. Everything is placed in a very real way, but giving the couple the center, proving that they are the main piece. The images in the portrait are nicely spaced. The emotion this image gives me is eerie. The picture’s tone is dark, and the husband and wife don’t look happy or sad, they just look blank. The colors used don’t really grab my attention. I have noticed though in old portraits that people tend to not have any facial expressions. It just looks mysterious to me. Even though the oil painting is a historical, famous image, I would not own a copy of it, it just isn’t my style.
The Reinvention of Rome by the Catholic Church
The reinvention of the Catholic churches began to rise in the 15th century, and before it was on the downfall. Whenever I see a Northern or Italian Renaissance picture, I automatically think of the rise of the Catholic churches, that is why I chose to relate this image to it. The popes used their power to strengthen Rome, and artwork was a huge part of the reinvention as well. It is interesting to me how so many art pieces in the Renaissance era were based on the church. It is crazy to think that this image created by Jan Van Eyck was before the Catholic churches began tremendously rising again. Most images from the Renaissance era are related to the Catholic church in some way it seems, but I cannot find any indications of the church in the Armolfini Portrait by Jan Van Eyck, and that is what I am curious about. The Northern humanists did believe that the Catholic church was a way to better their lives. In your opinion, is this image connected to the reinvention of Catholic churches?

Jonathan Jones. Arnolfini Portrait, Jan Van Eyck (1434). April 15, 2000. Retrieved from:
https://www.theguardian.com/culture/2000/apr/15/art

Balasz Takac. The Arnolfini Portrait – Jan van Eyck’s Greatest Riddle. April 21, 2019. Retrieved from:
https://www.widewalls.ch/arnolfini-portrait-jan-van-eyck/

Catholic Church in the Renaissance. Retrieved from:
https://all-about-renaissance-faires.com/renaissance/catholic_church_in_the_renaissance/

Art Analysis

Paintings have always been intriguing to me. I love all of the components that goes into environmental art. I really enjoy the outdoors and the beauty it brings, therefore if I have a choice of art, it will most likely be something to do with nature. The painting shows sunflowers, somewhat wilting, in a vase filled with water, and a flower laying on the surface next to it. The painting seems to be watercolor because of how the texture and shapes appear. There are several mixed tones, and the colors used show more dullness and sadness. The emotions the painting brings me is a sense of beauty, disaster, and personality. The flowers aren’t that bright, but they’re still pretty. The painting displays a sense of messiness, but not in a disturbing way. To me, it is kind of saying that beauty is not perfect. I would own a copy of this art piece, it would look great on my brown, wooden walls. I feel that this painting relates to me because I try to take care of myself, mentally and physically, but in reality it is impossible to have it all. The flowers are also being nurtured to grow/sustain, and the process of growing can be messy, which can relate to myself working to grow. 

The image was retrieved from: boredart.com

Here is a website to help understand the knowledge behind floral art:
https://www.theflowerexpert.com/content/flowerart/flowers-and-art